Aircraft Area - Part and Function
1. Cockpit (Command and Control Center)
2. Fuselage (Body)
The section of the airplane that consists of the cabin and / or cockpit, containing seats for the occupants and the controls for the airplane.
3. Slats (Lift)
4. Spoiler (Lift and Drag - Roll)
High - drag devices that can be raised into the air flowing over an airfoil, reducing lift and increasing drag. Spoilers are used for roll control on some aircraft. Deploying spoilers on both wings at the same time allows the aircraft to descend without gaining speed. Spoilers are also used to shorten the ground roll after landing.
5. Aileron (Roll)
Primary flight control surfaces mounted on the trailing edge of an airplane wing, near the tip. Ailerons control roll about the longitudinal axis.
6. Flaps (Lift and Drag)
Hinged portion of the trailing edge between the ailerons and fuselage. In some aircraft ailerons and flaps are interconnected to produce full - span “flaperons.” In either case, flaps change the lift and drag on the wing.
7. Elevator (Pitch - up and down)
The horizontal, movable primary control surface in the tail section, or empennage, of an airplane. The elevator is hinged to the trailing edge of the fixed horizontal stabilizer.
8. Rudder (Yaw - Side to Side)
The movable primary control surface mounted on the trailing edge of the vertical fin of an airplane. Movement of the rudder rotates the airplane about its vertical axis.
9. Vertical Stabilizer (Yaw)
10. Horizon Stabilizer (Pitch)
11. Wing (Lift)
Airfoils attached to each side of the fuselage and are the main lifting surfaces that support the airplane in flight.
12. Jet Engine (Thrust)
A jet engine is a gas turbine engine. A jet engine develops thrust by accelerating a relatively small mass of air to very high velocity, as opposed to a propeller, which develops thrust by accelerating a much larger mass of air to a much slower velocity.