Aircraft Area - Part and Function


1. Cockpit (Command and Control Center)


2. Fuselage (Body)
The section of the airplane that consists of the cabin and / or cockpit, containing  seats  for the occupants and the controls for the airplane.


3. Slats (Lift)


4. Spoiler (Lift and Drag - Roll)
High - drag  devices that can be  raised  into the  air flowing  over an airfoil, reducing lift and increasing drag.  Spoilers  are  used  for  roll  control  on some aircraft.  Deploying  spoilers  on  both  wings  at the same  time  allows  the  aircraft  to descend  without gaining  speed. Spoilers  are also used to shorten the ground roll after landing.


5. Aileron (Roll)
Primary flight control surfaces mounted on the trailing  edge  of  an  airplane wing, near the tip. Ailerons control roll about the longitudinal axis.


6. Flaps (Lift and Drag)
Hinged  portion  of  the  trailing  edge  between the ailerons and fuselage. In some aircraft ailerons and flaps  are  interconnected  to  produce  full - span “flaperons.” In either case, flaps change the lift and drag on the wing.


7. Elevator (Pitch - up and down)
The horizontal, movable primary control surface in the  tail section, or empennage, of  an  airplane. The elevator  is  hinged  to the  trailing edge of the fixed horizontal stabilizer.


8. Rudder (Yaw - Side to Side)
The  movable  primary control  surface  mounted  on the  trailing  edge  of  the  vertical  fin of an airplane. Movement of the rudder rotates the airplane about its vertical axis.


9. Vertical Stabilizer (Yaw)


10. Horizon Stabilizer (Pitch)


11. Wing (Lift)
Airfoils attached to each side of the fuselage and are the main  lifting  surfaces that support the airplane in flight.


12. Jet Engine (Thrust)
A  jet  engine  is  a  gas turbine engine. A jet  engine develops thrust  by  accelerating  a  relatively  small mass  of  air  to  very  high velocity, as opposed to a propeller, which  develops  thrust  by  accelerating a much  larger  mass  of  air to a much slower velocity.