One of the Ways of Improving Your Aviation English
A good way to improve your Aviation English is to listen to conversations
that  interest  you  most.  The  English spoken  in these series “Air  Crash 
Investigation” is  very  good,  it’s  real life situations  that  will  teach  you
more  about  the  aviation  industry and  the  complexities  of  it,  and  will 
give  you  a  better  appreciation  of  the  constant   knowledge,  the  field 
of  Aviation  demands. 

These Series are show on the National Geographic Channel and are also
on internet's   


Without  any  question  or  doubt,  Aviation  is  one  of  the  safest  means 
of  transport available.  But  tragedy strikes  within  aviation  from  human
error and  accidents  to mechanical faults or design flaws, the success of
aviation history is punctuated with disaster and  catastrophe.  Aircraft 
accidents  are  rare, but  when  they  do  happen,  all  of  us  in  the 
aviation  community  take  notice.

"Follow the experts  as  they  determine  what  went  wrong  and  how 
they can prevent these horrific tragedies from ever happening again.
Examine the aircraft and official records, and hear from some of the
eyewitnesses, passengers and aviation subject matter experts as they
reconstruct some of the most horrific disasters to ever happen in the
aviation history. Air Crash Investigation's looks at what went wrong and
how future aircraft disasters can be averted.
                                                         
 
                                                       
Series One

Air Crash Investigation: Crash Course
12th Nov ‘96 - Saudi Airways Flight is hit by a Kazakhstan Airlines jet. The collision cripples
both planes killing all 349 people on board. Why did the two planes collide and who's
responsible?

Air Crash Investigation: The Plane That Vanished

Air Crash Investigation: Unlocking Disaster
The cargo door of United Airlines Flight 811 opens, ripping out a huge hole and taking five
rows of seats and nine passengers with it.

Air Crash Investigation: Racing The Storm
A hundred miles from Little Rock severe storms close in on the airfield, bringing with them
dangerously unstable winds.

Air Crash Investigation: Fire On Board
The pilot of Swissair Flight 111 smells smoke in the cockpit less than an hour after take-off.
It's a race against time to dump fuel and land.

Air Crash Investigation: Hijacked
When an Air France Airbus was hijacked by four Algerian terrorists in 1994, the French
authorities sent in their special forces squad.

Air Crash Investigation: Mid Air Collision
All 71 people on board were killed when two planes crashed into each other mid-flight after
receiving conflicting signals from the air traffic controller on the ground and their own anti-
collision equipment.

Air Crash Investigation: Cutting Corners
Shortly after Air Alaska Flight 261 takes off from Puerto Vallarta, the plane dives into the
ocean, killing all 88 passengers.
Air Crash Investigation: Mid-Air Collision
71 people on board were killed when two planes crashed into each other mid-flight after
receiving conflicting signals from air traffic control.

Air Crash Investigation: Crash On The Mountain
When the navigation system on American Airlines Flight 965 went wrong just before landing,
the experienced pilots stalled and crashed.

Air Crash Investigation: Flying Blind
As Aeroperu Flight 603 takes off from Lima at night its airspeed and altitude indicators seem
to be malfunctioning.

Air Crash Investigation: Flying On Empty
An Air Transat Airbus runs out of fuel over the Atlantic and has to glide to a power-free
landing. Explore the causes of this near catastrophe.

Series Two
Air Crash Investigation: Blow Out
When the windshield fell off the cockpit of a BA flight after take-off and the pilot was sucked
out, his co-pilot had to fight to land the plane.

Air Crash Investigation: Wounded Bird
When Flight ASA 529 crashed after one of its propellers failed, many of the passengers were
killed. The cause of the failure was corrosion.

Air Crash Investigation: Hijacked
When an Air France Airbus was hijacked by four Algerian terrorists in 1994, the French
authorities were left with no choice but to send in their special forces squad to kill the terrorists
and free the passengers.

Air Crash Investigation: Mid Air Collision
All 71 people on board were killed when two planes crashed into each other mid-flight after
receiving conflicting signals from the air traffic controller on the ground and their own anti-
collision equipment.

Air Crash Investigation: Crash On The Mountain
When the navigation system on American Airlines Flight 965 went wrong just before landing,
the experienced pilots stalled and crashed.

Air Crash Investigation: Deadly Delay
Fog over New York City meant that many planes were delayed from landing. For Avianca
Flight 052 the delay was too long and it crashed.

Series Three

Air Crash Investigation: Hanging By A Thread
A short island hop from Maui to Honolulu quickly turns into a nightmare for the crew and
passengers aboard Flight 243. Shortly after take-off a loud bang is heard, removing a huge
chunk of the plane's roof and walls.

Air Crash Investigation: Attack Over Baghdad
It was supposed to be a routine mail drop for the DHL cargo plane, but, shortly after leaving
Baghdad's Saddam Hussein Airport, an anti-aircraft missile hit the Airbus A300 and the crew
were thrown into a fight for their lives.

Air Crash Investigation: Out Of Control
On a flight between Osaka and Tokyo, the alarm system blares out a warning: a stabilizer has
blown off and the plane can no longer steer. 30 minutes later it hits Mount Osutaka in the worst
single aircraft accident in history.

Air Crash Investigation: Suicide Attack
The three-man crew of FedEx 705 are just finishing their climb out from Memphis when they
are attacked. In the struggle to control both the plane and the attacker, the pilots perform
incredible feats in order to save their lives.

Air Crash Investigation: Bomb On Board
An explosion jolts the pilots of PA 434; a bomb has gone off and there's extensive damage to
the plane. The blast kills one passenger and injures another ten, with a notorious terrorist
being behind the bombing.

Air Crash Investigation: Mistaken Identity
The USS Vincennes, stationed in the Persian Gulf, tracks an incoming aircraft. The plane is
destroyed, but the crew's elation turns to dismay as it becomes clear they have shot down an
innocent airliner with 290 people on board.

Air Crash Investigation: Helicopter Down
A helicopter is ferrying workers to an oil platform when it is struck by lightning. The pilots
struggle to keep control but are forced to ditch. Investigators find a design flaw which made it
a sitting target for lightning.

Air Crash Investigation: Egypt Air 990
Egypt Air flight 990 is over the Atlantic when it suddenly plunges towards the water, killing all
217 people on board. Follow the investigation that became one of the most controversial in
modern aviation history.

Air Crash Investigation: Kid In The Cockpit
The new Airbus leaves Moscow and the captain invites his two children to the flight deck. The
boy turns the steering column, which sets off a chain of events that leads to the deaths of all 70
people on board.

Air Crash Investigation: African Hijack
An Ethiopian Airlines aircraft is hijacked and told to fly to Australia. The pilot fails to convince
the hijackers that the plane doesn't have enough fuel, so he decides to trick them. Events end
in tragedy.


Series Four

Air Crash Investigation: Miracle Escape
August 2, 2005. In a raging thunderstorm after a difficult landing, Air France 358 skids off the
runway in Toronto. As it crashes, the left engine catches fire. There are only seconds to
escape.

Air Crash Investigation: Volcanic Ash: Flight Of Terror
June 24, 1982. Smoke begins to fill a British Airways plane en route to Australia. When all
engines fail the plane plummets but moments later, the engines restart. What caused this
mysterious event?

Air Crash Investigation: All Engines Failed!
When all engines fail, the plane plummets but moments later, the engines restart. What
caused this mysterious event?

Air Crash Investigation: Fire Fight
In June, 1983, a small mechanical problem in the back of a Canadian aircraft quickly led to an
all-out emergency. Thick, toxic smoke filled the plane before it burst into flames, killing 23
people.

Air Crash Investigation: Blind Landing
August 6, 1997. Korean Air flight 801 departed from Seoul, Korea. It had been cleared to land
at AB Won Guam Airport, Agana when it crashed about three miles south-west of the airport.

Air Crash Investigation: Hidden Danger
A Boeing 737 jet spins out of control on its descent, and ten seconds later all 20 passengers
are dead. What resulted was one of the longest and most expensive enquiries in US aviation
history.

Air Crash Investigation: 6 Mile Plunge
Flying at 41,000 feet, a China Airlines flight encounters turbulence and the autopilot turns on.
A series of mistakes and the pilot's poor understanding of autopilot almost ends in disaster.

Air Crash Investigation: Collision Over LA
The collision of an Aeromexico DC-9 and a private Piper Cherokee near LA's busy airport,
resulting in the loss of over 80 lives, forces authorities to change the way planes are tracked
and monitored.

Air Crash Investigation: Flight 21 Is Missing
April 1996. US government officials and business executives are on a trade mission to
Bosnia and Croatia. As they near the Dubrovnik airport, rain and clouds make the journey
increasingly difficult.

Air Crash Investigation: Desperate Dive
January 3, 2004. Moments after taking off from Egypt's Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport,
a Boeing 737 crashes into the Red Sea. The plane's black boxes reveal the horrifying final
moments.

Air Crash Investigation: Ghost Plane
When Athens air traffic control fails to make contact with Helios Airways Flight 522 from
Cyprus, two F-16 fighters are despatched, only to watch helplessly as the jet crashes into a
mountain.

Air Crash Investigation: Fire In The Sky
Air Canada 797 was a DC9 flying from Texas to Ontario. When the toilet in the back catches
fire, the pilots must land immediately or risk dying in mid-air.

Series Five

Air Crash Investigation: Who's At The Controls?
The pilots of an Eastern Airlines flight became concerned that their landing gear was not
locked for landing in Miami. Did this distraction cause the plane to crash?

Air Crash Investigation: Slammed To The Ground
An aircraft attempting to avoid a thunderstorm is struck by strong winds, causing a crash
which killed more than 130 people. This tragedy would later expose and help to eliminate an
invisible killer.

Air Crash Investigation: Deadly Glide
When an aircraft unexpectedly runs out of fuel, the pilot heads for an old air force base for an
emergency landing. However, unbeknown to the pilot, the base is hosting a packed family
event.

Air Crash Investigation: Behind Closed Doors
After an explosion rips a hole in a DC-10 airliner, investigators discover a fatal flaw with the
plane. Two years later another DC-10 crashes with same problem. Could the accident have
been prevented?

Air Crash Investigation: Cargo Conspiracy
In November 1987, a 747 on a flight to Johannesburg crashes into the Indian Ocean. A blaze
in the cargo hold was the suspected cause.

Air Crash Investigation: Dead Weight
A plane crashes after take-off, killing all on board. Was this the result of the industry not taking
into account increasing passenger weight?

Air Crash Investigation: Southern Storm
A DC-9 is caught in a storm so severe that hailstones crack the cockpit windshield, causing
the plane to plummet to the ground. Miraculously 20 people survive.

Air Crash Investigation: Explosive Evidence
When Air India Flight 182 suddenly disappeared from the radar, controllers were left baffled.
Investigators later discovered a sinister reason for the deadly crash.

Air Crash Investigation: The Plane That Wouldn't Talk
Relive the tragedy of an unresponsive Boeing 737 that was brought crashing into the ocean
off Santo Domingo by a rogue insect nest.

Air Crash Investigation: Who's At The Controls?
The pilots of an Eastern Airlines flight became concerned that their landing gear was not
locked for landing in Miami. Did this distraction cause the plane to crash?

Air Crash Investigation: Radio Silence
In 2006, a brand new business jet collided with a passenger plane over Brazil, but there were
no problems reported via radio from either plane.

Air Crash Investigation: Who's In Control?
On 25 February 2009, a Turkish Airlines jet crashed during landing at Schiphol airport, killing
nine people. What caused the plane to crash?

Air Crash Investigation: Who's At The Controls?
The pilots of an Eastern Airlines flight became concerned that their landing gear was not
locked for landing in Miami. Did this distraction cause the plane to crash?

Series Seven

Air Crash Investigation: Fatal Fix
Jetliners are manufacturing marvels, kept airborne by thousands of expertly maintained parts.
But what if a part has a problem? Discover the disastrous effect a slight flaw can have on an
aircraft.

Air Crash Investigation: Shattered In Seconds
Rescuers have to look to the past to solve the riddle of Flight 611, a China Airlines 747 that
disappeared 20 minutes after taking off.

Air Crash Investigation: Lockerbie
The Lockerbie air disaster was the biggest terrorist attack on Americans before the events of
9/11. Discover the story behind the tragedy.

Air Crash Investigation: Deadly Prize
In Norway's worst ever airline disaster, a plane filled with prize winners plunged into the sea in
1989. Discover the cause of the tragic crash.

Air Crash Investigation: Head On Collision
Find out what went wrong when a Kazakhstan Airlines jet and a Saudi Airways plane collided
in the worst mid-air crash in aviation history.

Air Crash Investigation: Operation Babylift
An attempt to rescue orphans from the chaos of war-torn Vietnam ended in tragedy when a
US plane crashed in 1975, killing more than 150 people.

Air Crash Investigation: Ditch The Plane
In 2005 a passenger jet crashed into the Mediterranean Sea. Follow the consequent
investigation which saw nine men being charged with negligence.

Air Crash Investigation: The Plane That Vanished
A Boeing 737 packed with New Year's Eve revellers disappeared from radar in 2007, leaving
rescuers searching a huge section of the sea for clues.

Air Crash Investigation: Frozen In Flight
On a bitterly cold Halloween night in 1994, a plane spins wildly before crashing into a field.
Discover the fatal design flaw behind the tragedy.

Air Crash Investigation: Fatal Fix
Jetliners are manufacturing marvels, kept airborne by thousands of expertly maintained parts.
But what if a part has a problem? Discover the disastrous effect a slight flaw can have on an
aircraft.


Series Eight

Air Crash Investigation: Manchester Runway Disaster
How did a minor fire on the runway at Manchester Airport turn into a major disaster in which
55 people died? Investigate the 1985 catastrophe.

Air Crash Investigation: Cockpit Failure
A Crossair flight is on approach to Zurich, where snow has reduced visibility. The plane clips
the treetops and plunges down, killing 24 people.

Air Crash Investigation: Cockpit Chaos
In the second-deadliest airplane disaster in US history, Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashed
on take-off. Could the tragedy have been avoided?

Air Crash Investigation: Pilot vs Plane
After colossal investment, the Airbus A320 crashed on its maiden publicity flight in 1988. Was
it the fault of the pilot or the plane?

Air Crash Investigation: Cleared For Disaster
On a busy night at LA International Airport in 1991, a Boeing 737 crashed into a building -
leaving investigators with a grim recovery operation.

Air Crash Investigation: Target Is Destroyed
After a Korean Airlines flight fell into the sea in 1983, Soviet officials claimed responsibility -
sparking an international controversy.
Air Crash Investigation: Snowbound
Discover how time pressures led the pilots of Air Ontario Flight 1363 to rush take-off, leading
to a snowy catastrophe in March, 1989.

Air Crash Investigation: Crashed And Alone
Relive the frantic hunt for survivors after Air Inter Flight 148, one of the first fully computerized
passenger planes, hit a mountain in 1992.

Air Crash Investigation: Miami Mystery
After losing an engine at 35,000 feet, the crew of a Northwest flight had to rapidly divert to
Tampa airport. Did a bird cause the near-disaster?

Air Crash Investigation: Beach Crash
Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101 plunged into the warm Miami waters soon after take-off in
2005. Can a tourist's video shed light on the tragedy?


Series Nine

Air Crash Investigation: Cockpit Failure
A Crossair flight is on approach to Zurich, where snow has reduced visibility. The plane clips
the treetops and plunges down, killing 24 people.

Air Crash Investigation: Pilot Betrayed
After bursting into flames on take-off, Scandinavian Airlines Flight 751 fell from the sky in
1991. Miraculously, everyone on board survived.

Air Crash Investigation: Heathrow Crash Landing
Only the quick-witted actions of the pilot averted disaster when a plane flopped into Heathrow.
Why did the engines fail in the first place?

Air Crash Investigation: Stalled In The Sky
In the worst US crash in over seven years, a Buffalo-bound flight stalled and plummeted into a
suburban home in 2009. What went wrong?

Air Crash Investigation: Hudson Splashdown
The remarkable story of the New York flight which crash landed in the middle of the city,
having struck a flock of birds on take-off.

Air Crash Investigation: Who's In Control?
On 25 February 2009, a Turkish Airlines jet crashed during landing at Schiphol airport, killing
nine people. What caused the plane to crash?


Series Ten

Air Crash Investigation: Nightmare Runway
Find out how fears over Congonhas Airport’s infamous hilltop landing strip led to the fatal
crash of TAM Airlines Flight 3054 in July 2007.

Air Crash Investigation: Break-Up Over Texas
Continental Express Flight 2574 came down in 1991, following a massive mid-air explosion.
Could a piece of faulty paperwork explain the crash?

Air Crash Investigation: Munich Air Disaster
The 1958 Munich crash was the darkest day in Manchester United's history. Pilot James
Thain was initially blamed - and never flew again.

Air Crash Investigation: Deadly Design
Only the quick-thinking of Captain Frank Geib saved Northwest Airlines Flight 85 from
disaster in 2002. What exactly went wrong?

Air Crash Investigation: Stansted Crash
The crash of a Korean cargo plane outside London baffled investigators. Was the first officer
more concerned with saving face than the plane?

Air Crash Investigation: Desert Inferno
Following take-off from Jeddah's desert airport, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 burst into flames
and crashed to the ground - killing all on board.

Air Crash Investigation: Fatal Climb
At 33,000 feet, the engines of an overbooked West Caribbean Airways flight suddenly
stopped. What happened to cause Venezuela's worst-ever crash?

Air Crash Investigation: Miracle Landing
Tragedy seemed inevitable when a brand-new Boeing 737 lost power near New Orleans in
1988. Find out how the pilots successfully averted disaster.

Air Crash Investigation: On Course to Disaster
Find out if a simple misunderstanding caused the biggest airline disaster in American history.
Did radio static seal the fate of this flight?

Air Crash Investigation: Zero Visibility
Revealing the crucial changes made to Milan's Linate Airport following a tragic collision in
extreme weather conditions in October 2001.

Air Crash Investigation: Military Crash Conspiracy
What happened to the ill-fated plane carrying 248 American soildiers on their way home from
six months of peace-keeping in the Middle East?

Air Crash Investigation: Sioux City Fireball
When engines failed, pilots of United Airlines Flight 232 tried to land at Sioux City, but the
aircraft exploded, killing half of those on board.

Air Crash Investigation: Military Crash Consipiracy
What happened to the ill-fated plane carrying 248 American soildiers on their way home from
six months of peace-keeping in the Middle East?

Air Crash Investigation: Murder on Board
With 43 people dead and a possible crime on board, investigators try to determine what
happened on Pacific Southwest Airlines Flight 1771.

Series Eleven

Air Crash Investigation: Fight For Control
Disaster seemed certain when an internal US flight lost a propeller 19,000 feet over the
Pacific Ocean. Could the pilots safely land the plane?

Air Crash Investigation: Fire In The Hold
Revealing how 110 people lost their lives when a fire on board an aging DC-9 caused it to
plummet into the Florida Everglades in 1996.

Air Crash Investigation: Typhoon Take-Off
Following a fatal crash in treacherous conditions at Taipei's Chiang Kai-shek airport,
investigators make a shocking discovery on the runway.

Air Crash Investigation: Crash In The Jungle
In 2005, TANS Peru Flight 204 crashed into the Amazonian jungle, leaving a trail of bodies
and wreckage scattered across the rainforest.

Air Crash Investigation: America's Deadliest Crash
Revealing how 273 people were killed when American Airlines Flight 191 lost its left engine in
the deadliest aviation accident in US history.

Air Crash Investigation: Fatal Fixation
After United Airlines Flight 173 crashed and killed ten people, investigators discover how a
landing gear problem could have caused the accident.

Air Crash Investigation: Pilot Under Pressure
Following a fatal crash 35,000 feet above the jungles of Indonesia, investigators make a
disturbing discovery.

Air Crash Investigation: Death Of The President
When Polish President Lech Kaczynski is killed in a plane crash, investigators discover that
this was not simply a pilot error.

Air Crash Investigation: 28 Seconds To Survive
When an alarm warns the pilots of Flight 518 that they are dangerously close to the ground,
the aircraft suddenly smashes into a mountain.

Air Crash Investigation: Air France 447: Vanished
Exploring how aviation safety improves one crash at a time, Air Crash Investigation looks into
legendary aviation disasters.

Air Crash Investigation: Russia's Ice Hockey Disaster
In 2011, a Soviet-built Yak-42D plane carrying one of Russia's biggest hockey teams crashed
into the River Volga - leaving only one survivor.

Air Crash Investigation: Grand Canyon Disaster
When a collision sends two planes crashing into the Grand Canyon, investigators find a
problem that threatens the safety of the aviation system.

Air Crash Investigation: Heading For Disaster
When tower controllers ask Flight 409 to head to a new heading, the pilots acknowledge the
change. Moments later, the plane crashes into the sea.


Series Twelve

Air Crash Investigation: Speed Trap
Military investigators work with the NTSB to identify what happened when a Marine Corps F-4
Phantom collided with a Hughes Airwest DC-9.


Air Crash Investigation: Lost In Translation
When a flight from Zurich crash-lands, killing everyone on board, the discovery of drugs
among the wreckage suggests an alarming explanation.

Air Crash Investigation: Disaster On The Potomac
Just after taking off, Air Florida Flight 90 plunges into the frozen Potomac River. It takes an
ingenious experiment to uncover why it happened.

Air Crash Investigation: Queens Catastrophe
When American Airlines Flight 587 crashed into Queens, New York after 9/11, it was
considered an act of terror - until evidence proved otherwise.

Air Crash Investigation: Into The Eye of The Storm
Investigators must figure out why a crew of skilled hurricane hunters were nearly killed after an
engine fire crippled their aircraft mid-flight.

Air Crash Investigation: Deadly Test
Above France, a highly trained crew puts a commercial airliner to the test. But as they prepare
to land, the captain suddenly loses control.

Air Crash Investigation: Qantas 32: Titanic In The Sky
It's up to investigators to figure out why the engine of of Qantas Flight 32 exploded and
whether every other A380 is at risk.

Air Crash Investigation: Massacre Over The Mediterranean
When a flight from Italy explodes over the Mediterranean Sea, it takes 30 years to determine
whether it was shot down or blown up by terrorists.

Air Crash Investigation: Terror In Paradise
When a flight to Tahiti crashes and kills everyone on board, investigators uncover an
unexpected explanation for the crash.

Air Crash Investigation: Britain's Worst Air Crash
June 18, 1972. Investigators face an enormous challenge when BEA Flight 548 crashes just
moments after taking off from London's Heathrow Airport.

Series Thirteen

Air Crash Investigation: M1 Plane Crash
When British Midland Flight 92 has an engine fire, the pilots try to make a landing, but the
second engine fails before they can get to safety.

Air Crash Investigation: Niki Lauda: Tragedy In The Air
Airline owner Niki Lauda joins forces with investigators to determine why Lauda Air Flight 004
fell into a steep dive and crashed.

Air Crash Investigation: Vanishing Act
Investigators face a baffling mystery when Varig Flight 254 crash-lands in a remote jungle
nearly 700 miles off course.

Air Crash Investigation: Sideswiped
Flight 201 takes off for a one-hour flight to Colombia and then disappears from radar while
flying over one of the most remote jungles on Earth.

Air Crash Investigation: Death At Narita
When FedEx Flight 80 bounces off the runway and bursts into flames, the catastrophe recalls
an identical crash more than a decade earlier.

Air Crash Investigation: The Death of JFK Jr
The celebrity son of JFK disappeared along with his plane in 1999. Invstigators soon found
the wreckage, but what brought the aircraft down?

Air Crash Investigation: Concorde - Up In Flames
A Concorde crashes moments after take off and three mysterious items are found on the
runway. How is this collection of clues connected?

Air Crash Investigation: Inner City Carnage
A Learjet 45 carrying Mexico's interior minister slams into Mexico City's financial district,
killing everyone on board and seven on the ground.

Air Crash Investigation: Death in the Arctic
First Air Flight 6560 slammed into a hillside near Resolute Bay, one of the most remote
airports in the world.

Air Crash Investigation: Malaysia 370: What Happened?
Leading aviation experts are confronted with a shocking theory as they investigate one of the
greatest aviation mysteries of all time.

Air Crash Investigation: Malaysian 370: What Happened?
Leading aviation experts are confronted with a shocking theory as they investigate one of the
greatest aviation mysteries of all time.















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Aviation International Phonetic Alphbet Listen and Practice