ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
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The Making of the ICAO
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ICAO proclaimed the need for a
common language in 1951.
“WHEREAS the future development of international civil aviation can greatly help to
create and preserve friendship and understanding among the nations and peoples of
the world, yet its abuse can become a threat to the general security; and
“WHEREAS it is desirable to avoid friction and to promote that cooperation between nations and
peoples upon which the peace of the world depends;
“THEREFORE, the undersigned governments having agreed on certain principles and
arrangements in order that international civil aviation may be developed in a safe and orderly
manner and that international air transport services may be established on the basis of equality
of opportunity and operated soundly and economically; “Have accordingly concluded this
Convention to that end.”
ICAO was originally created to promote the safe and efficient development of civil aviation. One
enduring aspect of the Organization’s work over the last six decades has been to help States
improve civil aviation in their country through projects implemented under ICAO’s Technical
Cooperation Programme. Since its creation in 1952, the Technical Cooperation Bureau (TCB)
has been responsible for the execution of ICAO’s Technical Cooperation Programme advising
and assisting States, donors, the private sector and other funding sources in all matters relating
to the development of safe and secure civil aviation.
To this day the Technical Cooperation Programme remains a permanent priority activity of ICAO
which complements the technical role of the Regular Programme by supporting Member States
in the implementation of ICAO regulations, policies and procedures. The Technical Cooperation
Programme is conducted under the broad policy guidance of the ICAO Assembly and of the
Council. Subject to general guidance by the Secretary General, the Technical Cooperation
Programme is executed under delegated authority by the Technical Cooperation Bureau (TCB),
under its Director.